Background: There is evidence that the physician response rate is declining. In response to this, methods for increasing the physician response rate are currently being explored. This paper examines the response rate and extent of non-response bias in a mixed-mode study of Minnesota physicians. Methods: This mode experiment was embedded in a survey study on the factors that influence physicians' willingness to disclose medical errors and adverse events to patients and their families. Physicians were randomly selected from a list of licensed physicians obtained from the Minnesota Board of Medical Practice. Afterwards, they were randomly assigned to either a single-mode (mail-only or web-only) or mixed-mode (web-mail or mail-web) design. Differences in response rate and nonresponse bias were assessed using Fischer's Exact Test. Results: The overall response rate was 18.60%. There were no statistically significant differences in the response rate across modes (p - value = 0.410). The non-response analysis indicates that responders and non-responders did not differ with respect to speciality or practice location. Conclusions: The mode of administration did not affect the physician response rate.
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© 2019 The Author(s).
- Non-response bias
- Response rate