The impact of socio-economic status on net fertility during the historical fertility decline: A comparative analysis of Canada, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and the USA

Martin Dribe, J. David Hacker, Francesco Scalone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used micro-level data from the censuses of 1900 to investigate the impact of socio-economic status on net fertility during the fertility transition in five Northern American and European countries (Canada, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and the USA). The study is therefore unlike most previous research on the historical fertility transition, which used aggregate data to examine economic correlates of demographic behaviour at regional or national levels. Our data included information on number of children by age, occupation of the mother and father, place of residence, and household context. The results show highly similar patterns across countries, with the elite and upper middle classes having considerably lower net fertility early in the transition. These patterns remain after controlling for a range of individual and community-level fertility determinants and geographical unobserved heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-149
Number of pages15
JournalPopulation Studies
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • adjustment
  • child-woman ratios
  • fertility
  • fertility transition
  • innovation
  • net fertility
  • socio-economic status

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of socio-economic status on net fertility during the historical fertility decline: A comparative analysis of Canada, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and the USA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this