Numerous studies have suggested that the clinical evaluation of swallowing fails to adequately identify those patients who aspirate or do not aspirate on a videofluoroscopic swallowing examination. These conclusions, however, are based on comparisons between swallowed materials that were not rheologically matched. The present study used a battery of rheologically matched test materials, involving thin and thick liquids and cohesive and adhesive semisolids. Using these test items, results from a clinical swallow evaluation were compared to the results of a videofluorographic evaluation using identical test materials. Results suggest that the use of three test materials, including thin and thick liquids given in volumes of 5 and 10 ml, demonstrated the strongest associations between cough on the clinical examination and aspiration on the videofluoroscopic examination.
- Clinical swallowing examination
- Deglutition disorders
- Videofluoroscopic examination