The Impact of Consumer Credit Access on Unemployment

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4 Scopus citations


Unemployed households' access to unsecured revolving credit more than tripled over the last three decades. This article analyses how both cyclical fluctuations and trend increases in credit access impact the business cycle. The main quantitative result is that credit expansions and contractions have contributed to moderately deeper and more protracted recessions over the last 40 years. As more individuals obtained credit from 1977 to 2010, cyclical credit fluctuations affected a larger share of the population and became more important determinants of employment dynamics. Even though business cycles are more volatile, newborns strictly prefer to live in the economy with growing, but fluctuating, access to credit markets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2605-2642
Number of pages38
JournalReview of Economic Studies
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • Business cycles
  • Default
  • E21
  • E24
  • E3
  • G21
  • J6
  • Search and matching
  • Unemployment

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