The Identification of Family Social Environment Typologies Using Latent Class Analysis: Implications for Future Family-Focused Research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The family social environment is the first environment that a child experiences and has implications for children’s health. However, the majority of family social environment measures do not account for its complexity. There is a need for novel approaches for assessing the family social environment that transcends the traditional way of measuring family composition and interaction. The purpose of this secondary data analysis research was to identify distinct family social environment typologies that consider both family composition and interaction and to describe the characteristics of the identified family social environment typologies. A series of latent class analysis results indicated three distinct typologies of family social environment with significant differences in family composition, family problem-solving skills, and demographic characteristics. The process used to identify the typologies and significant differences between the typologies showcases how the field could advance family-focused research by considering family composition and interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-37
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Family Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020



  • family composition
  • family interaction
  • family social environment
  • latent class analysis

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