The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits

A. Cohen, C. Campisano, R. Arrowsmith, A. Asrat, A. K. Behrensmeyer, A. Deino, C. Feibel, A. Hill, R. Johnson, J. Kingston, H. Lamb, T. Lowenstein, A. Noren, D. Olago, R. B. Owen, R. Potts, K. Reed, R. Renaut, F. Schäbitz, J. J. TiercelinM. H. Trauth, J. Wynn, S. Ivory, K. Brady, R. O'Grady, J. Rodysill, J. Githiri, J. Russell, V. Foerster, R. Dommain, S. Rucina, D. Deocampo, J. Russell, A. Billingsley, C. Beck, G. Dorenbeck, L. Dullo, D. Feary, D. Garello, R. Gromig, T. Johnson, A. Junginger, M. Karanja, E. Kimburi, A. Mbuthia, T. McCartney, E. McNulty, V. Muiruri, E. Nambiro, E. W. Negash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role that climate and environmental history may have played in influencing human evolution has been the focus of considerable interest and controversy among paleoanthropologists for decades. Prior attempts to understand the environmental history side of this equation have centered around the study of outcrop sediments and fossils adjacent to where fossil hominins (ancestors or close relatives of modern humans) are found, or from the study of deep sea drill cores. However, outcrop sediments are often highly weathered and thus are unsuitable for some types of paleoclimatic records, and deep sea core records come from long distances away from the actual fossil and stone tool remains. The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project (HSPDP) was developed to address these issues. The project has focused its efforts on the eastern African Rift Valley, where much of the evidence for early hominins has been recovered.We have collected about 2 km of sediment drill core from six basins in Kenya and Ethiopia, in lake deposits immediately adjacent to important fossil hominin and archaeological sites. Collectively these cores cover in time many of the key transitions and critical intervals in human evolutionary history over the last 4 Ma, such as the earliest stone tools, the origin of our own genus Homo, and the earliest anatomically modern Homo sapiens. Here we document the initial field, physical property, and core description results of the 2012-2014 HSPDP coring campaign.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalScientific Drilling
Volume21
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2016

Fingerprint

Lakes
Drilling
Sediments
Deposits
Catchments
Physical properties

Cite this

The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project : Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits. / Cohen, A.; Campisano, C.; Arrowsmith, R.; Asrat, A.; Behrensmeyer, A. K.; Deino, A.; Feibel, C.; Hill, A.; Johnson, R.; Kingston, J.; Lamb, H.; Lowenstein, T.; Noren, A.; Olago, D.; Owen, R. B.; Potts, R.; Reed, K.; Renaut, R.; Schäbitz, F.; Tiercelin, J. J.; Trauth, M. H.; Wynn, J.; Ivory, S.; Brady, K.; O'Grady, R.; Rodysill, J.; Githiri, J.; Russell, J.; Foerster, V.; Dommain, R.; Rucina, S.; Deocampo, D.; Russell, J.; Billingsley, A.; Beck, C.; Dorenbeck, G.; Dullo, L.; Feary, D.; Garello, D.; Gromig, R.; Johnson, T.; Junginger, A.; Karanja, M.; Kimburi, E.; Mbuthia, A.; McCartney, T.; McNulty, E.; Muiruri, V.; Nambiro, E.; Negash, E. W.

In: Scientific Drilling, Vol. 21, 19.02.2016, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cohen, A, Campisano, C, Arrowsmith, R, Asrat, A, Behrensmeyer, AK, Deino, A, Feibel, C, Hill, A, Johnson, R, Kingston, J, Lamb, H, Lowenstein, T, Noren, A, Olago, D, Owen, RB, Potts, R, Reed, K, Renaut, R, Schäbitz, F, Tiercelin, JJ, Trauth, MH, Wynn, J, Ivory, S, Brady, K, O'Grady, R, Rodysill, J, Githiri, J, Russell, J, Foerster, V, Dommain, R, Rucina, S, Deocampo, D, Russell, J, Billingsley, A, Beck, C, Dorenbeck, G, Dullo, L, Feary, D, Garello, D, Gromig, R, Johnson, T, Junginger, A, Karanja, M, Kimburi, E, Mbuthia, A, McCartney, T, McNulty, E, Muiruri, V, Nambiro, E & Negash, EW 2016, 'The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits', Scientific Drilling, vol. 21, pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.5194/sd-21-1-2016
Cohen, A. ; Campisano, C. ; Arrowsmith, R. ; Asrat, A. ; Behrensmeyer, A. K. ; Deino, A. ; Feibel, C. ; Hill, A. ; Johnson, R. ; Kingston, J. ; Lamb, H. ; Lowenstein, T. ; Noren, A. ; Olago, D. ; Owen, R. B. ; Potts, R. ; Reed, K. ; Renaut, R. ; Schäbitz, F. ; Tiercelin, J. J. ; Trauth, M. H. ; Wynn, J. ; Ivory, S. ; Brady, K. ; O'Grady, R. ; Rodysill, J. ; Githiri, J. ; Russell, J. ; Foerster, V. ; Dommain, R. ; Rucina, S. ; Deocampo, D. ; Russell, J. ; Billingsley, A. ; Beck, C. ; Dorenbeck, G. ; Dullo, L. ; Feary, D. ; Garello, D. ; Gromig, R. ; Johnson, T. ; Junginger, A. ; Karanja, M. ; Kimburi, E. ; Mbuthia, A. ; McCartney, T. ; McNulty, E. ; Muiruri, V. ; Nambiro, E. ; Negash, E. W. / The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project : Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits. In: Scientific Drilling. 2016 ; Vol. 21. pp. 1-16.
@article{6fc2fbbc992a4258a6fc1a4fbde959be,
title = "The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits",
abstract = "The role that climate and environmental history may have played in influencing human evolution has been the focus of considerable interest and controversy among paleoanthropologists for decades. Prior attempts to understand the environmental history side of this equation have centered around the study of outcrop sediments and fossils adjacent to where fossil hominins (ancestors or close relatives of modern humans) are found, or from the study of deep sea drill cores. However, outcrop sediments are often highly weathered and thus are unsuitable for some types of paleoclimatic records, and deep sea core records come from long distances away from the actual fossil and stone tool remains. The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project (HSPDP) was developed to address these issues. The project has focused its efforts on the eastern African Rift Valley, where much of the evidence for early hominins has been recovered.We have collected about 2 km of sediment drill core from six basins in Kenya and Ethiopia, in lake deposits immediately adjacent to important fossil hominin and archaeological sites. Collectively these cores cover in time many of the key transitions and critical intervals in human evolutionary history over the last 4 Ma, such as the earliest stone tools, the origin of our own genus Homo, and the earliest anatomically modern Homo sapiens. Here we document the initial field, physical property, and core description results of the 2012-2014 HSPDP coring campaign.",
author = "A. Cohen and C. Campisano and R. Arrowsmith and A. Asrat and Behrensmeyer, {A. K.} and A. Deino and C. Feibel and A. Hill and R. Johnson and J. Kingston and H. Lamb and T. Lowenstein and A. Noren and D. Olago and Owen, {R. B.} and R. Potts and K. Reed and R. Renaut and F. Sch{\"a}bitz and Tiercelin, {J. J.} and Trauth, {M. H.} and J. Wynn and S. Ivory and K. Brady and R. O'Grady and J. Rodysill and J. Githiri and J. Russell and V. Foerster and R. Dommain and S. Rucina and D. Deocampo and J. Russell and A. Billingsley and C. Beck and G. Dorenbeck and L. Dullo and D. Feary and D. Garello and R. Gromig and T. Johnson and A. Junginger and M. Karanja and E. Kimburi and A. Mbuthia and T. McCartney and E. McNulty and V. Muiruri and E. Nambiro and Negash, {E. W.}",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "19",
doi = "10.5194/sd-21-1-2016",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "1--16",
journal = "Scientific Drilling",
issn = "0934-4365",
publisher = "IODP-MI",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project

T2 - Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake deposits

AU - Cohen, A.

AU - Campisano, C.

AU - Arrowsmith, R.

AU - Asrat, A.

AU - Behrensmeyer, A. K.

AU - Deino, A.

AU - Feibel, C.

AU - Hill, A.

AU - Johnson, R.

AU - Kingston, J.

AU - Lamb, H.

AU - Lowenstein, T.

AU - Noren, A.

AU - Olago, D.

AU - Owen, R. B.

AU - Potts, R.

AU - Reed, K.

AU - Renaut, R.

AU - Schäbitz, F.

AU - Tiercelin, J. J.

AU - Trauth, M. H.

AU - Wynn, J.

AU - Ivory, S.

AU - Brady, K.

AU - O'Grady, R.

AU - Rodysill, J.

AU - Githiri, J.

AU - Russell, J.

AU - Foerster, V.

AU - Dommain, R.

AU - Rucina, S.

AU - Deocampo, D.

AU - Russell, J.

AU - Billingsley, A.

AU - Beck, C.

AU - Dorenbeck, G.

AU - Dullo, L.

AU - Feary, D.

AU - Garello, D.

AU - Gromig, R.

AU - Johnson, T.

AU - Junginger, A.

AU - Karanja, M.

AU - Kimburi, E.

AU - Mbuthia, A.

AU - McCartney, T.

AU - McNulty, E.

AU - Muiruri, V.

AU - Nambiro, E.

AU - Negash, E. W.

PY - 2016/2/19

Y1 - 2016/2/19

N2 - The role that climate and environmental history may have played in influencing human evolution has been the focus of considerable interest and controversy among paleoanthropologists for decades. Prior attempts to understand the environmental history side of this equation have centered around the study of outcrop sediments and fossils adjacent to where fossil hominins (ancestors or close relatives of modern humans) are found, or from the study of deep sea drill cores. However, outcrop sediments are often highly weathered and thus are unsuitable for some types of paleoclimatic records, and deep sea core records come from long distances away from the actual fossil and stone tool remains. The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project (HSPDP) was developed to address these issues. The project has focused its efforts on the eastern African Rift Valley, where much of the evidence for early hominins has been recovered.We have collected about 2 km of sediment drill core from six basins in Kenya and Ethiopia, in lake deposits immediately adjacent to important fossil hominin and archaeological sites. Collectively these cores cover in time many of the key transitions and critical intervals in human evolutionary history over the last 4 Ma, such as the earliest stone tools, the origin of our own genus Homo, and the earliest anatomically modern Homo sapiens. Here we document the initial field, physical property, and core description results of the 2012-2014 HSPDP coring campaign.

AB - The role that climate and environmental history may have played in influencing human evolution has been the focus of considerable interest and controversy among paleoanthropologists for decades. Prior attempts to understand the environmental history side of this equation have centered around the study of outcrop sediments and fossils adjacent to where fossil hominins (ancestors or close relatives of modern humans) are found, or from the study of deep sea drill cores. However, outcrop sediments are often highly weathered and thus are unsuitable for some types of paleoclimatic records, and deep sea core records come from long distances away from the actual fossil and stone tool remains. The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project (HSPDP) was developed to address these issues. The project has focused its efforts on the eastern African Rift Valley, where much of the evidence for early hominins has been recovered.We have collected about 2 km of sediment drill core from six basins in Kenya and Ethiopia, in lake deposits immediately adjacent to important fossil hominin and archaeological sites. Collectively these cores cover in time many of the key transitions and critical intervals in human evolutionary history over the last 4 Ma, such as the earliest stone tools, the origin of our own genus Homo, and the earliest anatomically modern Homo sapiens. Here we document the initial field, physical property, and core description results of the 2012-2014 HSPDP coring campaign.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84958769593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84958769593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/sd-21-1-2016

DO - 10.5194/sd-21-1-2016

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84958769593

VL - 21

SP - 1

EP - 16

JO - Scientific Drilling

JF - Scientific Drilling

SN - 0934-4365

ER -