The Hekla 3 volcanic eruption recorded in a Scottish speleothem?

A. Baker, P. L. Smart, W. L. Barnes, R. L. Edwards, A. Farrant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research has demonstrated the presence of annual luminescent growth banding in a stalagmite from Sutherland, N.W. Scotland. The banding record contains a short duration increase in annual band width, indicating a doubling of growth rate for a period of four years. Predicted growth rates demonstrate that such a doubling would not be expected within the probable range of normal climate variation. The growth rate peak is dated to 1135 ± 130 BC, not inconsistent with the timing of the Hekla 3 volcanic eruption. This event may explain the observed variation in growth rate, and provide a new source of evidence for interpretation of the effects of large explosive eruptions. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-342
Number of pages7
JournalHolocene
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

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