The Hect domain E3 ligase Tom1 and the F-box protein Dia2 control Cdc6 degradation in G1 phase

Dong Hwan Kim, Wei Zhang, Deanna M. Koepp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The accurate replication of genetic information is critical to maintaining chromosomal integrity. Cdc6 functions in the assembly of pre-replicative complexes and is specifically required to load the Mcm2-7 replicative helicase complex at replication origins. Cdc6 is targeted for protein degradation by multiple mechanisms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, although only a single pathway and E3 ubiquitin ligase for Cdc6 has been identified, the SCFCdc4 (Skp1/Cdc53/F-box protein) complex. Notably, Cdc6 is unstable during the G 1 phase of the cell cycle, but the ubiquitination pathway has not been previously identified. Using a genetic approach, we identified two additional E3 ubiquitin ligase components required for Cdc6 degradation, the F-box protein Dia2 and the Hect domain E3 Tom1. Both Dia2 and Tom1 control Cdc6 turnover during G1 phase of the cell cycle and act separately from SCFCdc4. Ubiquitination of Cdc6 is significantly reduced in dia2Δ and tom1Δ cells. Tom1 and Dia2 each independently immunoprecipitate Cdc6, binding to a C-terminal region of the protein. Tom1 and Dia2 cannot compensate for each other in Cdc6 degradation. Cdc6 and Mcm4 chromatin association is aberrant in tom1Δ and dia2Δ cells in G 1 phase. Together, these results present evidence for a novel degradation pathway that controls Cdc6 turnover in G1 that may regulate pre-replicative complex assembly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44212-44220
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number53
StatePublished - Dec 28 2012


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