The geography of CCS regulatory development in the U.S.

Melisa F. Pollak, Jennifer A. Johnson, Elizabeth J. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


States will play a vital role in the deployment of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) in the United States. Many of the decisions and planning required to deploy CCS projects on a national scale will occur at the state and regional levels, including Public Utility Commission decisions on treatment of CCS costs, decisions on land use for building CO2 pipelines and developing geologic sequestration sites. There has been a burst of CCS policy activity in the states over the past few years. As of August 2008, 26 states have some sort of policy in place aimed at furthering CCS. To examine the importance of states' particular circumstances on CCS policy development, we consider variables related to each state's geology, electrical power system, economy, and political ideology. We find that distinctly different profiles emerge between states with CCS policies, states with climate policy, states with both, and states with neither. Understanding the state level policy landscape provides a basis for more effective coordination between state, regional, and federal CCS policy, and sheds some light on the compromises that need to be made between geographically diverse states for CCS to be widely deployed. A case study of the Midwestern Governors Association CO2 Management Infrastructure Partnership illustrates the opportunities that regional partnerships offer to facilitate these types of compromises and coordinate policy between states with varying circumstances but a shared interest in regional cooperation to advance commercial scale CCS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4543-4550
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Procedia
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2009
Event9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT-9 - Washington DC, United States
Duration: Nov 16 2008Nov 20 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was made possible through support from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (Grant 2007117) to Carnegie Mellon University, Department of Engineering and Public Policy for the project, "Regulation of Capture and Deep Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide". Views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and may not represent consensus findings of the project. Additional support was provided by the National Science Foundation Scienceand Society program (NSF-SES-0724257).


  • CCS policy, state policy
  • Climate policy
  • Regional climate initiatives, Midwest Governors Association


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