The G-protein regulatory (GPR) motif-containing Leu-Gly-Asn-enriched protein (LGN) and Giα3 influence cortical positioning of the mitotic spindle poles at metaphase in symmetrically dividing mammalian cells

Joe B. Blumer, Ryoko Kuriyama, Thomas W. Gettys, Stephen M. Lanier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We addressed the role of the G-protein regulatory (GPR) motif-containing Leu-Gly-Asn-enriched protein (LGN) and G-proteins (Giα3) in the positioning of the spindle pole during mammalian cell division. Immunocytochemistry indicated that both LGN and Giα3 co-localized at the spindle pole and at the midbody and the cell cortex during the different phases of mitosis. In marked contrast to the positioning of the spindle pole at metaphase midway between the cell cortex and the metaphase plate, the spindle pole was juxtaposed with the cell cortex at metaphase following increased expression of Giα3 and LGN. This repositioning of the spindle pole required the interaction of LGN with Giα. The influence of LGN and Giα3 on the cortical positioning of the spindle pole likely reflects either stronger pulling forces on the spindle pole exerted from the cell cortex or increased pushing forces exerted on the spindle pole from the mitotic spindle indicating that these events are regulated by GPR motif-containing proteins and G-proteins independent of asymmetry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1233-1240
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cell Biology
Volume85
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2006

Keywords

  • AGS3
  • Asymmetric cell division
  • Centrosome
  • G-protein
  • GPR motif
  • GPSM1
  • GPSM2
  • LGN
  • Microtubules
  • Mitotic spindle

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