The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences

Kathryn E. Barry, Liesje Mommer, Jasper van Ruijven, Christian Wirth, Alexandra J. Wright, Yongfei Bai, John Connolly, Gerlinde B. De Deyn, Hans de Kroon, Forest Isbell, Alexandru Milcu, Christiane Roscher, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Bernhard Schmid, Alexandra Weigelt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence suggests that biodiversity supports ecosystem functioning. Yet, the mechanisms driving this relationship remain unclear. Complementarity is one common explanation for these positive biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Yet, complementarity is often indirectly quantified as overperformance in mixture relative to monoculture (e.g., ‘complementarity effect’). This overperformance is then attributed to the intuitive idea of complementarity or, more specifically, to species resource partitioning. Locally, however, several unassociated causes may drive this overperformance. Here, we differentiate complementarity into three types of species differences that may cause enhanced ecosystem functioning in more diverse ecosystems: (i) resource partitioning, (ii) abiotic facilitation, and (iii) biotic feedbacks. We argue that disentangling these three causes is crucial for predicting the response of ecosystems to future biodiversity loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-180
Number of pages14
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

complementarity
ecosystems
niche partitioning
ecosystem
biodiversity
interspecific variation
facilitation
monoculture

Keywords

  • Abiotic facilitation
  • Biodiversity
  • Biotic feedbacks
  • Complementarity
  • Complementarity effect
  • Ecosystem functioning
  • Plant-soil feedback
  • Resource partitioning
  • Resource tracers
  • Stress amelioration

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

Cite this

Barry, K. E., Mommer, L., van Ruijven, J., Wirth, C., Wright, A. J., Bai, Y., ... Weigelt, A. (2019). The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 34(2), 167-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013

The Future of Complementarity : Disentangling Causes from Consequences. / Barry, Kathryn E.; Mommer, Liesje; van Ruijven, Jasper; Wirth, Christian; Wright, Alexandra J.; Bai, Yongfei; Connolly, John; De Deyn, Gerlinde B.; de Kroon, Hans; Isbell, Forest; Milcu, Alexandru; Roscher, Christiane; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Schmid, Bernhard; Weigelt, Alexandra.

In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 34, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 167-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Barry, KE, Mommer, L, van Ruijven, J, Wirth, C, Wright, AJ, Bai, Y, Connolly, J, De Deyn, GB, de Kroon, H, Isbell, F, Milcu, A, Roscher, C, Scherer-Lorenzen, M, Schmid, B & Weigelt, A 2019, 'The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences', Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 167-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013
Barry KE, Mommer L, van Ruijven J, Wirth C, Wright AJ, Bai Y et al. The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2019 Feb 1;34(2):167-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013
Barry, Kathryn E. ; Mommer, Liesje ; van Ruijven, Jasper ; Wirth, Christian ; Wright, Alexandra J. ; Bai, Yongfei ; Connolly, John ; De Deyn, Gerlinde B. ; de Kroon, Hans ; Isbell, Forest ; Milcu, Alexandru ; Roscher, Christiane ; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael ; Schmid, Bernhard ; Weigelt, Alexandra. / The Future of Complementarity : Disentangling Causes from Consequences. In: Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 2019 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 167-180.
@article{640e170d77284624982cb1e02f28cc72,
title = "The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences",
abstract = "Evidence suggests that biodiversity supports ecosystem functioning. Yet, the mechanisms driving this relationship remain unclear. Complementarity is one common explanation for these positive biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Yet, complementarity is often indirectly quantified as overperformance in mixture relative to monoculture (e.g., ‘complementarity effect’). This overperformance is then attributed to the intuitive idea of complementarity or, more specifically, to species resource partitioning. Locally, however, several unassociated causes may drive this overperformance. Here, we differentiate complementarity into three types of species differences that may cause enhanced ecosystem functioning in more diverse ecosystems: (i) resource partitioning, (ii) abiotic facilitation, and (iii) biotic feedbacks. We argue that disentangling these three causes is crucial for predicting the response of ecosystems to future biodiversity loss.",
keywords = "Abiotic facilitation, Biodiversity, Biotic feedbacks, Complementarity, Complementarity effect, Ecosystem functioning, Plant-soil feedback, Resource partitioning, Resource tracers, Stress amelioration",
author = "Barry, {Kathryn E.} and Liesje Mommer and {van Ruijven}, Jasper and Christian Wirth and Wright, {Alexandra J.} and Yongfei Bai and John Connolly and {De Deyn}, {Gerlinde B.} and {de Kroon}, Hans and Forest Isbell and Alexandru Milcu and Christiane Roscher and Michael Scherer-Lorenzen and Bernhard Schmid and Alexandra Weigelt",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "167--180",
journal = "Trends in Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "0169-5347",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Future of Complementarity

T2 - Disentangling Causes from Consequences

AU - Barry, Kathryn E.

AU - Mommer, Liesje

AU - van Ruijven, Jasper

AU - Wirth, Christian

AU - Wright, Alexandra J.

AU - Bai, Yongfei

AU - Connolly, John

AU - De Deyn, Gerlinde B.

AU - de Kroon, Hans

AU - Isbell, Forest

AU - Milcu, Alexandru

AU - Roscher, Christiane

AU - Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael

AU - Schmid, Bernhard

AU - Weigelt, Alexandra

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Evidence suggests that biodiversity supports ecosystem functioning. Yet, the mechanisms driving this relationship remain unclear. Complementarity is one common explanation for these positive biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Yet, complementarity is often indirectly quantified as overperformance in mixture relative to monoculture (e.g., ‘complementarity effect’). This overperformance is then attributed to the intuitive idea of complementarity or, more specifically, to species resource partitioning. Locally, however, several unassociated causes may drive this overperformance. Here, we differentiate complementarity into three types of species differences that may cause enhanced ecosystem functioning in more diverse ecosystems: (i) resource partitioning, (ii) abiotic facilitation, and (iii) biotic feedbacks. We argue that disentangling these three causes is crucial for predicting the response of ecosystems to future biodiversity loss.

AB - Evidence suggests that biodiversity supports ecosystem functioning. Yet, the mechanisms driving this relationship remain unclear. Complementarity is one common explanation for these positive biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Yet, complementarity is often indirectly quantified as overperformance in mixture relative to monoculture (e.g., ‘complementarity effect’). This overperformance is then attributed to the intuitive idea of complementarity or, more specifically, to species resource partitioning. Locally, however, several unassociated causes may drive this overperformance. Here, we differentiate complementarity into three types of species differences that may cause enhanced ecosystem functioning in more diverse ecosystems: (i) resource partitioning, (ii) abiotic facilitation, and (iii) biotic feedbacks. We argue that disentangling these three causes is crucial for predicting the response of ecosystems to future biodiversity loss.

KW - Abiotic facilitation

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Biotic feedbacks

KW - Complementarity

KW - Complementarity effect

KW - Ecosystem functioning

KW - Plant-soil feedback

KW - Resource partitioning

KW - Resource tracers

KW - Stress amelioration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057819219&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85057819219&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013

DO - 10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013

M3 - Review article

C2 - 30527960

AN - SCOPUS:85057819219

VL - 34

SP - 167

EP - 180

JO - Trends in Ecology and Evolution

JF - Trends in Ecology and Evolution

SN - 0169-5347

IS - 2

ER -