The fate of intraportally transplanted islets in diabetic rats. A morphologic and immunohistochemical study

J. C. Grotting, J. Rosai, A. J. Matas, E. M. Frenzel, W. D. Payne, D. E. Sutherland, J. S. Najarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streptozotocin-induced diabetes in the rat can be reversed by the transplantation of isogenic islets of Langerhans from neonatal donors. The authors studied the morphology of intraportally transplanted islets with the aid of the immunoperoxidase staining technique to identify insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-, and pancreatic polypeptide-containing cells at 24 hours, 48 hours, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 39 weeks, and 65 weeks after transplant. Embolized pancreatic tissue, composed of approximately 80% acini and 20% islets, is initially distributed throughout the liver mainly to terminal branches of the portal system. Endothelialization and organization occur rapidly with the smaller fragments and within the first 4 weeks for larger thrombi. Exocrine pancreatic elements largely disappear as islet cells move into the hepatic lobules from the portal spaces. At 65 weeks after transplant, all islet cell types can be identified within large complex islet structures. The results of this study establish the survival and continued function of all known rat pancreatic islet cell types long after transplantation and support the theory that islet transplantation may represent the most physiologic replacement of hormonal deficiencies in the diabetic recipient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-670
Number of pages18
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume92
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1978

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