The evolving function of Langerhans cells in adaptive skin immunity

Botond Z. Igyarto, Daniel H. Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Langerhans cells (LC) are dendritic cell that resides in the epidermis of skin. Paul Langerhans originally observed and named this epinonymous cell more than 140 years ago. Their network-like distribution and dendritic processes that extended up into the stratum corneum convinced him that they represented peripheral nerve cells. It was not determined until almost 100 years later that LC are, in fact, bone marrow-derived and function as skin-resident antigen presenting cells. Many studies have shown that LC are highly immunostimulatory. Recently, data have begun to accumulate suggesting LC have immunoregulatory properties. This review will focus on the participation of LC in the development and regulation of adaptive immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-365
Number of pages5
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume88
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Contact hypersensitivity
  • Langerhans cells
  • Skin

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