The essential research curriculum for doctor of pharmacy degree programs.

College of Clinical Pharmacy American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Mary W. Lee, Patrick G. Clay, W. Klugh Kennedy, Mary Jayne Kennedy, Nicole M. Sifontis, Dana Simonson, Kevin M. Sowinski, William J. Taylor, Robyn M. Teply, Orly Vardeny, Timothy E. Welty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


In 2008, the American College of Clinical Pharmacy appointed the Task Force on Research in the Professional Curriculum to review and make recommendations on the essential research curriculum that should be part of doctor of pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree programs. The essential research curriculum provides all students with critical and analytical thinking and lifelong learning skills, which will apply to current and future practice and stimulate some students to pursue a career in this field. Eight key curricular competencies are as follows: identifying relevant problems and gaps in pharmacotherapeutic knowledge; generating a research hypothesis; designing a study to test the hypothesis; analyzing data results using appropriate statistical tests; interpreting and applying the results of a research study to practice; effectively communicating research and clinical findings to pharmacy, medical, and basic science audiences; interpreting and effectively communicating research and clinical findings to patients and caregivers; and applying regulatory and ethical principles when conducting research or using research results. Faculty are encouraged to use research-related examples across the curriculum in nonresearch courses and to employ interactive teaching methods to promote student engagement. Examples of successful strategies used by Pharm.D. degree programs to integrate research content into the curriculum are provided. Current pharmacy school curricula allow variable amounts of time for instructional content in research, which may or may not include hands-on experiences for students to develop research-related skills. Therefore, an important opportunity exists for schools to incorporate the essential research curriculum. Despite the challenges of implementing these recommendations, the essential research curriculum will position pharmacy school graduates to understand the importance of research and its applications to practice. This perspective is provided as an aid and a challenge to those in leadership and teaching positions within schools and colleges of pharmacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)966
Number of pages1
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2010


Dive into the research topics of 'The essential research curriculum for doctor of pharmacy degree programs.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this