The Enduring Predictive Significance of Early Maternal Sensitivity: Social and Academic Competence Through Age 32 Years

K. Lee Raby, Glenn I. Roisman, R. Chris Fraley, Jeffry A. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study leveraged data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation (N = 243) to investigate the predictive significance of maternal sensitivity during the first 3 years of life for social and academic competence through age 32 years. Structural model comparisons replicated previous findings that early maternal sensitivity predicts social skills and academic achievement through midadolescence in a manner consistent with an enduring effects model of development and extended these findings using heterotypic indicators of social competence (effectiveness of romantic engagement) and academic competence (educational attainment) during adulthood. Although early socioeconomic factors and child gender accounted for the predictive significance of maternal sensitivity for social competence, covariates did not fully account for associations between early sensitivity and academic outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-708
Number of pages14
JournalChild development
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

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