The emergence and evolution of collective action: Lessons from watershed management in Haiti

T. Anderson White, C. Ford Runge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The practice and theory of collective action is constrained by a dearth of rigorous empirical tests of why and how such institutions emerge and evolve, and under what conditions they can be successful. Empirical analyses of cooperative watershed management in Haiti reveal that, given a conducive environment and political leadership, groups will emerge and survive where a "critical mass" of individuals have practical knowledge of the potential gains from action. Emergence can be constrained in the short run by: 1. (a)landscape factors that affect the potential net economic gain, and 2. (b)sociocultural factors that affect the cost of constructing the new institution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1683-1698
Number of pages16
JournalWorld Development
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

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