The effects of salinity on the growth and biochemical properties of Chlamydomonas mexicana GU732420 cultivated in municipal wastewater

El Sayed Salama, Reda A I Abou-Shanab, Jung Rae Kim, Sangho Lee, Seong Heon Kim, Sang Eun Oh, Hyun Chul Kim, Hyun Seog Roh, Byong Hun Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

A freshwater microalga Chlamydomonas mexicana was grown on municipal wastewater with different levels of salinity up to 400 mmol/L NaCl, and the biochemical properties were characterized after 10 days of cultivation. C. mexicana showed the higher specific growth rates for 100 and 200 mmol/L NaCl. Nitrogen was completely removed within 10 days as a result of algal growth promoted by the addition of 200-400 mmol/L NaCl. Phosphorus removal increased from 77-84% as the concentration of NaCl increased from 100 to 400 mmol/L. The highest removal of total inorganic carbon (66%) was obtained with the addition of 200 mmol/L NaCl. The lipid content increased from 17% to 38% as the concentration of NaCl increased from 0 to 400 mmol/L. The total fatty acid content and glycerol yield of C. mexicana increased 1.8- and 4-fold in wastewater amended with NaCl, respectively. Fatty acids accumulated in the algal biomass were mainly composed of palmitic (27-29%), γ-linolenic (27-30%), and linolelaidic acids (16-18%). The optimal condition for fatty acids production in C. mexicana was observed when the municipal wastewater was amended with 100-200 mmol/L NaCl with a simultaneous removal of nutrients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1491-1498
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Technology (United Kingdom)
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2014

Keywords

  • Chlamydomonas Mexicana
  • fatty acids
  • glycerol
  • sodium chloride
  • wastewater

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