The effects of processing variables on stress development in ultraviolet-cured coatings

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Abstract

A cantilever deflection technique was used to monitor stress development during ultraviolet photo-cure of acrylate coatings to the glassy state. Two coating systems were studied: a trifunctional monomer (trimethylol propane triacrylate, TMPTA) and a tetrafunctional monomer (pentaerythritol tetraacrylate, PETA). Both were photoinitiated with 2,2-dimethoxy-2-phenylacetophenone (DMPA). Average in-plane stresses of up to 30 MPa were measured upon curing at room temperature. The rate and magnitude of stress development rose with the photoinitiator concentration and with light intensity. Curing with more strongly absorbed light had similar effects. Light absorption caused decreased stress magnitudes in thicker coatings. Somewhat unexpectedly, the rate and magnitude of stress development increased with monomer functionality even though the conversion fell. Moreover, curing thick coatings with high radical concentrations (strongly absorbing light and large photoinitiator concentrations) caused ripple defects to form. With the appearance of these defects, stress ceased to rise with the photoinitiator concentration. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was employed to monitor conversion and to help understand these stress development trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1267-1277
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume66
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 1997

Keywords

  • Coating defects
  • Coating stress
  • Deflection measurement
  • Photoinitiation
  • Ultraviolet curing

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