The effects of presession exposure to attention on the results of assessments of attention as a reinforcer

Wendy K. Berg, Stephanie Peck, David P. Wacker, Jay Harding, Jennifer McComas, David Richman, Kimberly Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of presession exposure to attention on responding during subsequent assessments of attention as a reinforcer were evaluated across three behavioral assessments. In Experiment 1, a contingent attention assessment condition was preceded by either a noncontingent attention condition (free play) or a contingent escape condition. In Experiment 2, a diverted attention with extinction condition was preceded by either an alone or a free-play condition. In Experiment 3, a two-choice preference assessment was preceded by either 10 min of free play or 10 min of playing alone. In each experiment, the participant responded differentially within the test condition according to the presence or absence of dense schedules of attention immediately prior to that condition. The results of this study show that events occurring immediately prior to an assessment condition can influence behavior within the assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-477
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Establishing operations
  • Functional analysis
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Sequence effects

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