The effects of presession attention on problem behavior maintained by different reinforcers

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Abstract

The effect of presession attention on the later occurrence of problem behavior was examined with elementary-school children with a range of disabilities. Results of analogue functional analyses suggested an escape function, an attention function, or both. Following the analogue functional analyses, the effects of two antecedent conditions (10-min ignore vs. 10-min attention) were compared on problem behavior in subsequent test conditions. For participants who displayed attention-maintained problem behavior, the test condition involved contingent attention for problem behavior. For participants who displayed escape-maintained problem behavior, the test condition involved contingent escape for problem behavior. Results indicated that participants who displayed attention-maintained problem behavior displayed less problem behavior following presession exposure to attention than when ignored. No such effect was found for presession attention on escape-maintained problem behavior. We discuss matching antecedent-based interventions to the results of functional analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-307
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

Keywords

  • Abolishing operations
  • Academic settings
  • Antecedent interventions
  • Establishing operations
  • Problem behavior

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