The effects of lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) or LRS and 6% hetastarch on the colloid osmotic pressure, total protein and osmolality in healthy horses under general anesthesia

Erin L. Wendt-Hornickle, Lindsey B.C. Snyder, Rui Tang, Rebecca A. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To investigate changes in colloid osmotic pressure (COP), total protein (TP) and osmolality (OSM) during anesthesia in horses given intravenous lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) or LRS and hetastarch (HES). Study design Prospective, clinical trial. Animals Fourteen horses presented for surgery. Mean age 8.3±1.9years; mean weight 452±25kg. Methods Horses were premedicated with xylazine intravenously (IV); anesthesia was induced with ketamine and diazepam IV, and maintained with sevoflurane. Butorphanol was administered IV with pre-medications or immediately after induction. Xylazine was administered IV for recovery if necessary. LRS was administered IV to all horses with a target rate of 5-10mLkg-1hour-1. Half of the horses also received 6% HES, 2.5mLkg-1 over 1hour in addition to LRS. Horses that received LRS only were considered the LRS group. Horses that received both LRS and HES were considered the LRS/HES group. Blood was drawn pre- and post-anesthesia, immediately following induction, and every 30minutes throughout anesthesia. COP, TP and OSM were measured. Results COP and TP significantly decreased at similar rates for both treatment groups from pre-anesthetic values. Pre-anesthetic COP was significantly greater in the LRS group when compared to the LRS/HES group pre-, post- and throughout anesthesia. In the LRS group post-anesthetic OSM was significantly different than the pre-anesthesia value and that for the LRS/HES group. Conclusions and clinical relevance Administration of IV HES (2.5mLkg-1, over 1hour) in combination with LRS does not attenuate the decrease in COP typically seen during anesthesia with crystalloid administration alone. Based on these results, administration of HES at this rate and total volume would not be expected to prevent fluid shifts into the interstitium through its effects on COP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-343
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary anaesthesia and analgesia
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colloid osmotic pressure
  • Equine anesthesia
  • Hetastarch
  • Lactated Ringer's solution

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