The effects of individual time urgency on group polychronicity

Mary J. Waller, Robert C. Giambatista, Mary E. Zellmer-Bruhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent work concerning the effects of time on group behavior suggests that individuals’ time-oriented behaviors may act as a catalyst or pacing mechanism for subsequent group behaviors. Other work suggests that group polychronic behavior (the group's performance of multiple tasks simultaneously) has significant effects on both individual and group outcomes. In this paper, we examine the relationship between individuals’ time-oriented behavior and group-level polychronic behavior. Based on results from a laboratory simulation involving 26 small groups, we conclude that the presence of time-urgent group members increases group-level monochronic (versus polychronic) behavior and has a positive effect on groups’ primary task activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-257
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

Fingerprint

Task Performance and Analysis
Polychronicity
Group behavior
Simulation
Catalyst
Group performance
Multiple tasks

Keywords

  • Group dynamics
  • Individual behaviour
  • Time
  • Time keeping
  • Work psychology

Cite this

The effects of individual time urgency on group polychronicity. / Waller, Mary J.; Giambatista, Robert C.; Zellmer-Bruhn, Mary E.

In: Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 14, 01.06.1999, p. 244-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ef8fe7e36fc64373821798c5faed4b17,
title = "The effects of individual time urgency on group polychronicity",
abstract = "Recent work concerning the effects of time on group behavior suggests that individuals’ time-oriented behaviors may act as a catalyst or pacing mechanism for subsequent group behaviors. Other work suggests that group polychronic behavior (the group's performance of multiple tasks simultaneously) has significant effects on both individual and group outcomes. In this paper, we examine the relationship between individuals’ time-oriented behavior and group-level polychronic behavior. Based on results from a laboratory simulation involving 26 small groups, we conclude that the presence of time-urgent group members increases group-level monochronic (versus polychronic) behavior and has a positive effect on groups’ primary task activity.",
keywords = "Group dynamics, Individual behaviour, Time, Time keeping, Work psychology",
author = "Waller, {Mary J.} and Giambatista, {Robert C.} and Zellmer-Bruhn, {Mary E.}",
year = "1999",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1108/02683949910263765",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "244--257",
journal = "Journal of Managerial Psychology",
issn = "0268-3946",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of individual time urgency on group polychronicity

AU - Waller, Mary J.

AU - Giambatista, Robert C.

AU - Zellmer-Bruhn, Mary E.

PY - 1999/6/1

Y1 - 1999/6/1

N2 - Recent work concerning the effects of time on group behavior suggests that individuals’ time-oriented behaviors may act as a catalyst or pacing mechanism for subsequent group behaviors. Other work suggests that group polychronic behavior (the group's performance of multiple tasks simultaneously) has significant effects on both individual and group outcomes. In this paper, we examine the relationship between individuals’ time-oriented behavior and group-level polychronic behavior. Based on results from a laboratory simulation involving 26 small groups, we conclude that the presence of time-urgent group members increases group-level monochronic (versus polychronic) behavior and has a positive effect on groups’ primary task activity.

AB - Recent work concerning the effects of time on group behavior suggests that individuals’ time-oriented behaviors may act as a catalyst or pacing mechanism for subsequent group behaviors. Other work suggests that group polychronic behavior (the group's performance of multiple tasks simultaneously) has significant effects on both individual and group outcomes. In this paper, we examine the relationship between individuals’ time-oriented behavior and group-level polychronic behavior. Based on results from a laboratory simulation involving 26 small groups, we conclude that the presence of time-urgent group members increases group-level monochronic (versus polychronic) behavior and has a positive effect on groups’ primary task activity.

KW - Group dynamics

KW - Individual behaviour

KW - Time

KW - Time keeping

KW - Work psychology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84986163158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84986163158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1108/02683949910263765

DO - 10.1108/02683949910263765

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84986163158

VL - 14

SP - 244

EP - 257

JO - Journal of Managerial Psychology

JF - Journal of Managerial Psychology

SN - 0268-3946

ER -