The Effects of Increasing State Minimum Wage on Family and Paid Caregiving

Eric Jutkowitz, Derek Lake, Peter Shewmaker, Joseph E. Gaugler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Older adults may receive either or a combination of unpaid family/friend and paid caregiving. The consumption of family/friend and paid caregiving may be sensitive to minimum wage policies. We used data (n = 11,698 unique respondents) from the Health and Retirement Study and a difference-in-differences design to evaluate associations between increases in state minimum wage between 2010 and 2014 and family/friend and paid caregiving consumed by adults age 65+ years. We also examined responses to increases in minimum wage for respondents with dementia or Medicaid beneficiaries. People living in states that increased their minimum wage did not consume substantially different hours of family/friend, paid, or any family/friend or paid caregiving. We did not observe differential responses between increases in minimum wage and hours of family/friend or paid caregiving among people with dementia or Medicaid beneficiaries. Increases in state minimum wage were not associated with changes in caregiving consumed by adults age 65+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-523
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging (1R21AG059623, 1R01AG060871, and RF1AG069771) to Dr. Jutkowitz.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • caregiving
  • dementia
  • long-term care
  • wages

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural


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