The effect of wine policy on the emerging cold-hardy wine industry in the northern U.S. states

Won Fy Lee, William C. Gartner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The recent development of cold-hardy and disease-resistant grape cultivars have enabled rapid expansion of the wine industry in northern states in the United States. As the nascent enterprises seek sustainable profitability, it is important to understand what factors are making the industry sustainable. Using the primary dataset collected in 2012 from 82 wineries currently operating across 10 northern states, this study examines how state-level policies are influencing the revenue of the emerging wine industry. OLS and quantile regression methods are employed to account for heterogeneous effects of policy instruments on sales of wineries. The empirical results show that policies directed at the wine industry have heterogeneous effects on the revenue streams of wineries depending on the location of a winery along the revenue distribution curve of wineries in northern U.S. states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalWine Economics and Policy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Northern Grapes project is funded by the USDA SCRI (United States Department of Agriculture Specialty Crops Research Initiative) program and involves personnel in over 12 states in the northeast and midwest. The project is administered by Cornell University. It is intended to address viticulture, enology and the marketing and economics of cold hardy grapes and wines made from them. The work reported in this paper was completed under a subcontract to the University of Minnesota. Publications of Northern Grapes Projects can be found at: .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 UniCeSV, University of Florence. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Cold-hardy grape cultivar
  • Northern grape project
  • Wine policy


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