A heterologous phosphotriesterase (parathion hydrolase) containing the native Flavobacterium species signal sequence was previously shown to be secreted by Streptomyces lividans. Western blot analysis of the recombinant phosphotriesterase produced by S. lividans demonstrated only the mature form extracellular but both processed and unprocessed forms in cell-associated samples. To investigate the efficiency of secretion in Streptomyces, a construction was made that substituted a native Streptomyces β-galactosidase signal sequence for the Flavobacterium signal sequence. This resulted in a higher proportion of hydrolase in the extracellular fluid and a lower proportion of parathion hydrolase remaining cell-associated. These results suggest that use of a native Streptomyces signal sequence may result in more efficient secretion of heterologous proteins.