The effect of perceived spatial separation, induced by the precedence effect, on release from noise or speech masking was investigated. Listeners were asked to orally repeat Chinese nonsense sentences, which were spoken by a female talker and presented by both the left (-45°) and right (+45°) loudspeakers, when maskers, which were either speech-spectrum noise sounds or Chinese nonsense sentences spoken by two other female talkers, were presented by the same two loudspeakers. Delays between identical sounds presented over the two loudspeakers were used to control the perceived locations of the target (right only) and masker (right, center, or left). The results show that perceived 45° and 90° separations of target speech from masking speech led to equivalently marked improvement in speech recognition, even though the degree of improvement was smaller than that reported in [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 106 (1999) 3578 (using English nonsense speech)]. When the masker was noise, however, perceived separation only marginally improved speech recognition. These results indicate that release from informational masking, due to perceived target/masker spatial separation induced by the precedence effect, also occurs for tonal Chinese speech. Compared to the 45° perceived within-hemifield separation, the 90° perceived cross-hemifield separation does not produce further unmasking.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank Jane W. Carey and Chenfei Ma for their assistance in data acquisition and illusion construction. The authors would also like to thank Dr. Steve Colburn, Dr. Brian C. J. Moore, and one anonymous reviewer for helpful critiques. This work was supported by the China Natural Science Foundation (No. 60172055, 69635020), the China National High-Tech R&D Project (863 Project, No. 2001AA114181), a grant from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (No. 2002CCA01000), and a “985” grant from Peking University. It was also supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
- Chinese speech
- Energetic masking
- Informational masking
- Nonsense sentences
- Perceived spatial separation
- Precedence effect