The effect of naloxone on nocturnal food intake in female and male rats

S. A. Wager-Srdar, M. Gannon, A. S. Levine

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Previous studies have shown that estradiol and progesterone can alter the response of female rats to naloxone [15]. For example, ovariectomized rats receiving estradiol were found to be less sensitive to the anorexic effect of naloxone than ovariectomized rats receiving oil (vehicle) or progesterone. In the present paper, we evaluated the effect of naloxone on nocturnal food intake in female rats during each stage of the estrous cycle to determine whether changing levels of gonadal hormones in intact female rats would affect their response to naloxone. To evaluate the role testosterone might play in modulating the male rat's feeding response to naloxone we studied the effect of peripherally administered naloxone (0.1, 1.0 and 10 mg/kg) on nocturnal food intake of intact, castrate and castrate + testosterone propionate male rats. During late metestrus, diestrus and proestrus, female rats decreased nocturnal food intake following the administration of naloxone (1.0 and 10 mg/kg) SC (p<0.05). During estrus, female rats failed to decrease food intake following any of the doses of naloxone administered. The male rat's response to naloxone does not appear to be altered by the presence or absence of testosterone. Thus, the level of estradiol and progesterone at different stages of the estrous cycle may affect the female rat's response to the satiety effect of naloxone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-672
Number of pages4
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1987


  • Estrous cycle
  • Food cycle
  • Naloxone


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