The effect of ionising radiation on the phenotype of bone marrow-derived extracellular vesicles

Dávid Kis, Eszter Persa, Tünde Szatmári, Lilla Antal, Attila Bóta, Ilona Barbara Csordás, Rita Hargitai, Bálint Jezsó, Enikő Kis, Judith Mihály, Géza Sáfrány, Zoltán Varga, Katalin Lumniczky

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OBJECTIVES: Ionising radiation-induced alterations affecting intercellular communication in the bone marrow (BM) contribute to the development of haematological pathologies. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), which are membrane-coated particles released by cells, have important roles in intercellular signalling in the BM. Our objective was to investigate the effects of ionising radiation on the phenotype of BM-derived EVs of total-body irradiated mice. METHODS: CBA mice were irradiated with 0.1 Gy or 3 Gy X-rays. BM was isolated from the femur and tibia 24 h after irradiation. EVs were isolated from the BM supernatant. The phenotype of BM cells and EVs was analysed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The mean size of BM-derived EVs was below 300 nm and was not altered by ionising radiation. Their phenotype was very heterogeneous with EVs carrying either CD29 or CD44 integrins representing the major fraction. High-dose ionising radiation induced a strong rearrangement in the pool of BM-derived EVs which were markedly different from BM cell pool changes. The proportion of CD29 and CD44 integrin-harbouring EVs significantly decreased and the relative proportion of EVs with haematopoietic stem cell or lymphoid progenitor markers increased. Low-dose irradiation had limited effect on EV secretion. CONCLUSIONS: Ionising radiation induced selective changes in the secretion of EVs by the different BM cell subpopulations. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The novelty of the paper consists of performing a detailed phenotyping of BM-derived EVs after in vivo irradiation of mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20200319
Number of pages1
JournalThe British journal of radiology
Issue number1115
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

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  • Journal Article

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