THE EFFECT OF FOOD DEPRIVATION ON ENZYME ACTIVITY IN DEVELOPING BRAIN

Kenneth F Swaiman, Jeanne M. Daleiden, R. N. Wolfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain and body weights, contents of DNA and protein and activities of 1,6‐diphosphofructoaldolase (aldolase, EC 4.1.2.13), creatine phosphokinase (CPK, EC 2.7.3.2), and isocitric dehydrogenase (ICD, EC 1.1.1.42) in brain (minus cerebellum and brain stem) were studied in control and food‐deprived rats at 7, 14 and 21 days of postnatal age. Activities of all three enzymes per brain were less in the food‐deprived animals. In both groups of rats the ratios of aldolase/DNA and CPK/DNA increased with maturation, indicating that increasing activity per brain during maturation was the result of both increased activity per cell and increased numbers of cells. The ratio of ICD/DNA decreased with maturation but was essentially the same in both the food‐deprived and control groups. Increase of ICD activity per brain with maturation was attributable to increased numbers of cells. Food deprivation in immature animals resulted in lowered activities per brain for aldolase, CPK and ICD because of diminished cell multiplication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1387-1391
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1970

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