The effect of a re-wetting agent on dentin bonding

J. Perdigão, B. Van Meerbeek, M. M. Lopes, W. W. Ambrose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Recently, a new generation of simplified one-bottle dentin bonding systems, sensitive to variations in the degree of substrate moisture, was introduced. This in vitro project compared the dentin bond strengths and interfacial ultra-morphology formed by three one-bottle bonding systems [OptiBond SOLO (ethanol-based), Prime&Bond 2.1 (acetone-based), and Single Bond (ethanol- and water-based)]. The null hypothesis tested was that re-wetting a dried dentin surface with a HEMA aqueous solution would not result in bond strengths, and resin impregnation into demineralized dentin, comparable to those obtained for moist dentin. Methods: Dentin specimens were assigned to the following three etched surface conditions: moist dentin-control group; dentin dried for 5 s; and dentin dried for 5 s and re-moistened with a commercial 35% HEMA aqueous solution. Mean shear bond strengths were calculated and analyzed with one- and two-way ANOVA. Dentin discs treated with the same combination of surface condition/adhesive were processed and observed under both transmission and scanning electron microscopes. Results: For moist dentin, the morphology of the resin-dentin interfaces showed penetration of the dentin adhesives to the depth of the transition between demineralized and unaffected dentin. Drying dentin for 5 s resulted in a significant decrease in mean bond strengths and an incompletely infiltrated collagen structure with areas of unveiled collagen fibers, regardless of the solvent. Re-wetting dentin with the aqueous HEMA solution re-established the level of bond strengths obtained to moist dentin and resulted in a raise of the fiber network with simultaneous increase in interfibrillar space dimensions. Significance: The results suggest that the use of an aqueous HEMA solution might compensate for the dryness induced on dentin surfaces by using air blasts from an air syringe, after rinsing off the etchant. As the behavior of the material that contained water was also affected by surface dryness, the percentage of water included in the composition of current ethanol- and water-based adhesives, such as Single Bond, may not be enough to compensate for the collapse of the collagen filigree upon drying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-295
Number of pages14
JournalDental Materials
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Dr Bart Van Meerbeek holds an appointment as Postdoctoral Research Fellow of the Fund for Scientific Research—Flanders, Belgium. We are thankful to Dr Bruno T. Rosa for helping with the preparation of the SEM specimens. This research project was supported with start-up funds provided by the Dean of the UNC at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry.

Keywords

  • Composite resin
  • Dental bonding
  • Dental etching
  • Electron microscopy

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