The effect of a killed porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine treatment on virus shedding in previously PRRSV infected pigs

D. Nilubol, K. B. Platt, P. G. Halbur, M. Torremorell, D. L. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to investigate if virus shedding could be reduced following a killed porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccination (KV) of PRRSV infected pigs. In experiment 1, PRRSV infected pigs were vaccinated with KV on days 14 and 28 following infection. Viremia and serum neutralizing (SN) antibody were compared to infected pigs with no KV. The second experiment was conducted in an identical manner. In addition to viremia and SN antibody, virus in oropharyngeal scrapings and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) producing cells were monitored. Magnitude and duration of viremia were not different between KV vaccinated and non-vaccinated groups. No virus was detected in oropharyngeal scraping from any pig, nor was there a difference in the detection of viral RNA. In both experiments, however, increases in SN titer and number of IFN-γ producing cells were observed. The SN titer was significantly higher in KV vaccinated groups than in non-vaccinated group on days 42 and 42-56 following infection in experiments 1 and 2, respectively. The number of IFN-γ producing cells was slightly higher in KV vaccinated groups than in non-vaccinated group on days 42 and 63. These observations suggest that KV had no effect on virus shedding. However, previously infected pigs responded immunologically to KV, as demonstrated by increases in SN antibody titers and IFN-γ producing cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume102
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2004

Keywords

  • Immune response
  • Killed PRRSV vaccine
  • PRRSV
  • Pig viruses
  • Shedding

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