The Economic Impact for Farm Injury in Minnesota, 2004–2010

Adrienne M.K. Landsteiner, Patricia M. McGovern, John A. Nyman, Bruce H. Alexander, Paula G. Lindgren, Allan N. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Only 2% of Minnesota’s employed population worked in agriculture between the years 2005 and 2012. However, this small portion of the state’s employed population accounted for 31% of total work-related deaths in the state during that same time period. During a similar time period, 2007–2013, the contribution of agriculture to Minnesota’s gross domestic product increased from approximately 1.5% to about 2.3%. This article describes the economic impact of injuries related to farm work between the years 2004 and 2010. Using hospital discharge data and the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), estimates of the number of injuries and fatalities related to agricultural work were compiled. A cost of illness model was applied to these injury and fatality estimates to calculate the related indirect and direct costs in 2010 dollars. Estimated total costs, in 2010 dollars, ranged between $21 and $31 million annually over the 7-year study period. The majority of the costs were attributable to indirect costs, such as lost productivity at work and home. Fatal injuries accrued the largest proportion of the estimated costs followed by hospitalized and nonhospitalized injuries. A sensitivity analysis was performed to evaluate the impact each selected data source had upon the cost estimate. The magnitude of the costs associated with these injuries argues for better surveillance of injury related to agriculture to prioritize resources and evaluate intervention and prevention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of agromedicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2 2016


  • Agricultural injury
  • cost
  • farm
  • hospital discharge data


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