The early iron age settlement of hascherkeller in bavaria: Preliminary report on the 1979 excavations

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Abstract

Results of two seasons of excavation at Hascherkeller, aided by a magnetometer survey of the site, provide a detailed view of the structure of the settlement. It consists of three contiguous enclosures bounded by double ditches, a pattern unique among excavated settlements of this period in central Europe. The evidence recovered in the first two seasons offieldwork yields much information about a variety of economic activities at the site, including subsistence, manufacturing, and trade. Especially significant is the recovery of a mold for the casting of bronze rings. This discovery is important for our understanding of the organization of metallurgy during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages; the find demonstrates that this relatively small community at Hascherkeller was manufacturing its own luxury goods of bronze, the constituents of which had to be imported from other parts of Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-328
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Field Archaeology
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research at Hascherkeller is being supported by Earthwatch and the Center for Field Research of Belmont, Massachusetts, and by the National Science Foundation (Research Grant Number BNS78-07349); I thank both of these institutions for their assistance. Dr. Rainer Christlein, Director for Lower Bavaria of the Bayerisches Landesamt fiir Denkmalpflege, has been very helpful throughout the planning and execution of the field research, and I thank him for his generosity and good counsel. During both seasons of excavation I have been fortunate in having an excellent team of students working with me; I thank all of them for their fine efforts. In particular I wish to thank my site supervisors of 1979, Caroline Quillian and John Stubbs, for their extraordinary work in all aspects of the field season. Other individuals who deserve special thanks for their assistance are Dr. Helmut Becker (Munich), Mrs. Maria Lindner, Mr. Hans Brandstetter, and Dr. Thomas Fischer (all of Landshut), and Mr. Kurt Reinecke (Bochum). I also wish to thank Prof. C.C. Lamberg-Karlovsky and Prof. David Gordon Mitten of Harvard University and Dr. Peter Schroter of the Anthropologische Staatssammlung, Munich, for their assistance and support. Ms. Whitney Powell and Ms. Ann Hatfield of the Peabody Museum provided much helpful advice on the preparation of the illustrations.

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