The dynamics of race, ethnicity and economic development: The Brazilian experience

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4 Scopus citations


Since the 1970s scholars have questioned the myth of a racial democracy in Brazil. Their critique is rooted in the prolonged socioeconomic inequalities that continue along racial/color lines to prevail within the Brazilian society, reinforced by regional inequalities in the economic development of the five regions that comprise the country. Additionally, these regions have an ethno-racial dimension that further supports the claim of a racial hegemonic democracy. Through cross-sectional analyses this paper shows that race/color and educational attainment determine earnings potential in Brazil. The paper also demonstrates the existence of a weak correlation among race/color, region and earnings potential in Brazil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-215
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Socio-Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2004


  • Colonialism
  • Economic development
  • Ethnicity
  • Inequality
  • Race


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