Since the 1970s scholars have questioned the myth of a racial democracy in Brazil. Their critique is rooted in the prolonged socioeconomic inequalities that continue along racial/color lines to prevail within the Brazilian society, reinforced by regional inequalities in the economic development of the five regions that comprise the country. Additionally, these regions have an ethno-racial dimension that further supports the claim of a racial hegemonic democracy. Through cross-sectional analyses this paper shows that race/color and educational attainment determine earnings potential in Brazil. The paper also demonstrates the existence of a weak correlation among race/color, region and earnings potential in Brazil.
- Economic development