This study provides a detailed look at families receiving child care subsidies in rural versus urban areas of Oregon, including the duration of child care subsidy use. It is part of a larger, cross-state investigation of the factors associated with duration of subsidy use in five states. We find that most families in Oregon use the child care subsidy program for a short period of time: median spell duration is only three months long. Many families return for a subsequent spell of subsidy use, but also for only a short time. Patterns of child care subsidy use are quite similar in rural and urban areas of the state. Differences emerge between rural and urban areas, however, in the cost of care, reflecting differences in the overall market for child care.