The distinctive sequelae of children's coping with interparental conflict: Testing the reformulated emotional security theory

Patrick T. Davies, Meredith J. Martin, Melissa L. Sturge-Apple, Michael T. Ripple, Dante Cicchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two studies tested hypotheses about the distinctive psychological consequences of children's patterns of responding to interparental conflict. In Study 1, 174 preschool children (M = 4.0 years) and their mothers participated in a cross-sectional design. In Study 2, 243 preschool children (M = 4.6 years) and their parents participated in 2 annual measurement occasions. Across both studies, multiple informants assessed children's psychological functioning. Guided by the reformulated version of emotional security theory, behavioral observations of children's coping with interparental conflict assessed their tendencies to exhibit 4 patterns based on their function in defusing threat: secure (i.e., efficiently address direct instances of threat), mobilizing (i.e., react to potential threat and social opportunities), dominant (i.e., directly defeat threat), and demobilizing (i.e., reduce salience as a target of hostility). As hypothesized, each profile predicted unique patterns of adjustment. Greater security was associated with lower levels of internalizing and externalizing symptoms and greater social competence, whereas higher dominance was associated with externalizing problems and extraversion. In contrast, mobilizing patterns of reactivity predicted more problems with self-regulation, internalizing symptoms, externalizing difficulties, but also greater extraversion. Finally, higher levels of demobilizing reactivity were linked with greater internalizing problems and lower extraversion but also better self-regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1646-1665
Number of pages20
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume52
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Child coping
  • Child emotionality
  • Developmental psychopathology
  • Interparental conflict

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The distinctive sequelae of children's coping with interparental conflict: Testing the reformulated emotional security theory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this