The diagnostic challenge of evaluating papilledema in the pediatric patient

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19 Scopus citations


Pseudopapilledema is a fairly common finding in ophthalmic practice, and in many cases, the diagnosis is straightforward. However, an accurate diagnosis can challenge the most seasoned clinicians, and missing true papilledema can result in life-threatening or vision-threatening consequences. In this review, we describe the clinical findings and a diagnostic algorithm to distinguish pseudopapilledema and papilledema in the pediatric patients. We also describe the clinical evaluation once a diagnosis of papilledema has been established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Taiwan J Ophthalmol | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.


  • Children
  • Intracranial hypertension
  • Optic disc drusen
  • Papilledema
  • Pediatric
  • Pseudopapilledema
  • Pseudotumor cerebri


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