The use of soluble cocrystal for delivering drugs with low solubility, although a potentially effective approach, often suffers the problem of rapid disproportionation during dissolution, which negates the solubility advantages offered by the cocrystal. This necessitates their robust stabilization in order for successful use in a tablet dosage form. The cocrystal between carbamezepine and succinic acid (CBZ-SUC) exhibits a higher aqueous solubility than its dihydrate, which is the stable form of CBZ in water. Using this model system, we demonstrate an efficient and material-sparing tablet formulation screening approach enabled by intrinsic dissolution rate measurements. Three tablet formulations capable of stabilizing the cocrystal both under accelerated condition of 40 ºC and 75% RH and during dissolution were developed using three different polymers, Soluplus® (F1), Kollidon VA/64 (F2) and Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose acetate succinate (F3). When compared to a marketed product, Epitol® 200mg tablets (F0), drug release after 60 min from formulations F1 (~82%), F2 (~95%) and F3 (~95%) was all higher than that from Epitol® (79%) in a modified simulated intestinal fluid. Studies in albino rabbits show correspondingly better bioavailability of F1–F3 than Epitol.
- Intrinsic dissolution rate
- Tablet formulation