The depression-Arkansas scale: A validation study of a new brief depression scale in an HMO

Lawrence J. Walter, Joel F. Meresman, Teresa L. Kramer, Richard B. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Recent trends in mental-health care have increased the need for practical depression instruments. The Depression-Arkansas (D-ARK), a brief, economical, multipurpose instrument, has been validated for assessing major depressive disorder (MDD) and depressive-symptom severity. Psychometric properties of the D-ARK were compared with standard depression scales (Beck Depression Inventory and Geriatric Depression Scale) among 294 adult and 193 senior primary-care patients, respectively, and 163 patients enrolled in cognitive-behavioral depression classes. The severity scale displayed adequate internal reliability (coefficient α = .81-.86), high correlation with the BDI-2 (r = .78-.83) and GDS (r = .75), and similar factor structure to the BDI-2, The D-ARK was calibrated against the BDI-2 and GDS, providing familiar severity category cutpoints with the new instrument. This study yields further data supporting the reliability, validity, and practical utility of the D-ARK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-481
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of clinical psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Depression
  • Health-maintenance organization
  • Psychological tests
  • Psychometrics
  • Questionnaires
  • Reproducibility of results


Dive into the research topics of 'The depression-Arkansas scale: A validation study of a new brief depression scale in an HMO'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this