A monotonic increase (2–18) in the effluent propylene-to-ethylene molar ratio as inlet methanol pressure is varied from 52.5 to 0.6 kPa during methanol-to-hydrocarbons catalysis (∼30%C conversion) on H-ZSM-5 at 673 K reveals methanol pressure as the salient process parameter that allows control over the relative rates of propagation of the olefins- and aromatics-based methylation/cracking events. The enhanced propagation of the olefins-based cycle over its aromatics-based counterpart and consequently, decoupling of the two catalytic cycles at low influent methanol pressures is observed to persist irrespective of the reaction temperature (623–773 K). Reactions involving formaldehyde co-feeds (3–20 Pa or 0.5–5%C) with low-pressure (0.6 kPa) methanol at 623 K result in a monotonically decreasing trend in propylene-to-ethylene molar ratio from 24.7 in the absence of formaldehyde to 0.8 in the presence of 20 Pa formaldehyde implicating suppressed formaldehyde production from methanol transfer dehydrogenation events at low methanol pressures as the mechanistic basis for the observed effect of enhanced olefin cycle propagation. Co-reacting formaldehyde (11 Pa or 3%C) with propylene (0.1 kPa) on H-ZSM-5 at 623 K results in a 5.5-fold increase in aromatics selectivity suggesting Prins condensation reactions between formaldehyde and olefins are likely involved in aromatics production during methanol-to-hydrocarbons catalysis over H-ZSM-5.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We acknowledge The Dow Chemical Company and the National Science Foundation (CBET 1701534 ) for financial support, Mr. Andrew Hwang (University of Minnesota) for carrying out the ammonia TPD study for the H-ZSM-5 sample under consideration, and Mr. Brandon Foley (University of Minnesota) for insightful discussions. Appendix A
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.
- Prins condensation
- Propylene-to-ethylene ratio