Prehospital care is critical to achieve the goal of timely reperfusion in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Prehospital care is delivered by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel, which include emergency medical dispatchers, first responders, and ambulance response. There is considerable variation in the training and capabilities of the EMS providers in the United States depending on the location (ie, rural vs urban) and local jurisdictions. In this article, the key components of prehospital care of the patient with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and the various levels of training and capabilities of EMS providers are discussed.
- 12-Lead ECG
- Emergency medical services