The core self-evaluation scale: Further construct validation evidence

Donald G. Gardner, Jon L. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


The authors empirically examined two operationalizations of the core self-evaluation construct: (a) the Judge, Erez, Bono, and Thoresen 12-item scale and (b) a composite measure of self-esteem, self-efficacy, locus of control, and neuroticism.The study found that the composite scale relates more strongly than the shorter scale to performance, perceived job complexity, positive affectivity, personal trust, and belief in a just world. However, the short scale performed well and may be more practical in organizational research. The authors conclude that the 12-item measure is better used in research when participant time is limited and that a composite index is better when time is not a constraining factor in the data-collection process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-304
Number of pages14
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2010


  • Core self-evaluation
  • Measurement
  • Research design
  • Validity


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