The Convergent Structure of DSM-5 Personality Trait Facets and Five-Factor Model Trait Domains

Katherine M. Thomas, Matthew M. Yalch, Robert F. Krueger, Aidan G.C. Wright, Kristian E. Markon, Christopher J. Hopwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

268 Scopus citations


The DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorder Work Group have proposed diagnosing personality disorder based in part on 25 pathological traits. Initial research suggests that five factors explain the covariance among these traits and that these factors reflect the domains of the well-validated Five-Factor Model (FFM) of normative personality. This finding is important because it signifies the potential to apply normative trait research to personality disorder classification in the DSM-5. In this study, trait scale scores on the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and domain scores from the FFM Rating Form (FFMRF) were subjected to a conjoint exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to test the higher-order convergence of the DSM-5 pathological trait model and the FFM in a nonclinical sample (N = 808). Results indicate that the five higher-order factors of the conjoint EFA reflect the domains of the FFM. The authors briefly discuss implications of this correspondence between the normative FFM and the pathological PID-5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-311
Number of pages4
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • DSM-5
  • Five-Factor Model (FFM)
  • personality disorders
  • personality traits
  • trait structure


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