The clinical presentation of shoulder instability including on field management

R. Bahr, Edward V Craig, L. Engebretsen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the athlete, shoulder instability may result from external high-energy trauma or repetitive overuse. Our understanding of how shoulder instability may contribute to and result from shoulder injury has improved considerably during the past decade. In addition, the delicate balance between mobility and stability and the interrelationship between instability and rotator cuff disease make the clinical management of the unstable shoulder and its field treatment a challenge for physicians, therapists, trainers, and others responsible for the care of injured athletes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-776
Number of pages16
JournalClinics in Sports Medicine
Volume14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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