In this commentary, we address two questions: (1) Is the drive in many young men to gain status and amass resources, which frequently entails direct competition with members of outgroups, one of the key variables underlying the CLASH model? (2) Why is there so much variation in reactive aggression/violence between people living in the same environment?.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS G.O. was supported by the Hungarian Research Fund (NKFI PD 106027, 116686) and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Lendület Project LP2012-36).
MARIA I. RINDERU has completed an M.Sc. degree in social psychology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. She went on to become a research assistant in the Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, where she is working on creating a multidisciplinary open-access database that incorporates the entire history of research on the topic of human cooperation. This is part of the ERC-funded project “Releasing Prisoners of the Paradigm: Understanding Cooperation across Contexts and in the Lab and Field.” BRAD J. BUSHMAN is a Professor of Communication and Psychology at The Ohio State University and a Professor of Communication Science at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is the author of about 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, mostly in the field of aggression and violence. He is a member of President Obama’s committee on gun violence. Following the Newtown shooting, he co-chaired a National Science Foundation subcommittee report on youth violence and testified before the U.S. Congress on that report.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT Tomás Cabeza de Baca was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant T32MH019391.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Dr. Van Voorhees was supported by a Career Development Award (No. 1KRX001298) from the Rehabilitation Research & Development Service of the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research & Development (VA ORD). Dr. Beckham was supported by Senior Research Career Scientist Award (No. 11S-RCS-009) from the Clinical Science Research and Development Service of the VA ORD. Dr. Kimbrel was supported by a Career Development Award (No. IK2CX000525) from the Clinical Science Research and Development Service of the VA ORD. This work was also supported by resources from the Durham VA Medical Center, the VA Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Academic Affiliations, and Duke University Medical Center. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the VA or the U.S. government.