To identify new loci that are involved in the assembly and targeting of dynein complexes, we have screened a collection of motility mutants that were generated by insertional mutagenesis. One such mutant, 5B10, lacks the inner arm isoform known as the I1 complex. This isoform is located proximal to the first radial spoke in each 96-nm axoneme repeat and is an important target for the regulation of flagellar motility. Complementation tests reveal that 5B10 represents a new I1 locus, IDA7. Biochemical analyses confirm that ida7 axonemes lack at least five I1 complex subunits. Southern blots probed with a clone containing the gene encoding the 140-kDa intermediate chain (IC)indicate that the ida7 mutation is the result of plasmid insertion into the IC140 gene. Transformation with a wild-type copy of the IC140 gene completely rescues the mutant defects. Surprisingly, transformation with a construct of the IC140 gene lacking the first four exons of the coding sequence also rescues the mutant phenotype. These studies indicate that IC140 is essential for assembly of the I1 complex, but unlike other dynein ICs, the N-terminal region is not critical for its activity.