The changing role of geological surveys: Introduction

Philip R. Hill, Daniel Lebel, Murray Hitzman, Morten Smelror, Harvey Thorleifson

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6 Scopus citations


This volume is a collection of papers authored by senior managers and heads of Geological Survey organizations (GSOs) from around the world in an attempt to provide a benchmark on how GSOs are responding to national and international needs in a rapidly changing world. GSOs face an uncertain future and need to understand global trends. Whereas population trends are somewhat predictable, societal responses to change are much less so and technological change is fundamentally disruptive and chaotic. As countries adopt sustainable development principles and the public becomes increasingly (but not necessarily reliably) informed about environmental issues using social media, the integration of resource development and environmental stewardship becomes increasingly important. GSOs will continue to provide key information about Earth systems, natural hazards and climate change in this context. This introduction comprises a short review of the global trends affecting GSOs, a snapshot of the state of GSOs, examples of how GSOs are adapting their activities to the modern world, including the growing use of big data, and an examination of international collaboration between GSOs. The time is perhaps ripe to reinforce international collaborations through a global network of GSOs. To achieve this will require leadership and a focus on the big picture of global sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

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Strategy; Management authority; SE SV dokument; Swedish national; PO box; Environmental protection agency; Groundwater resource; Local and regional; Denmark; Greenland; GEUS; Bulletin; Ice; Survey; Waste; Monitoring; Continental; Geological survey; Denmark And Greenland; Denmark and Greenland Bulletin; Continental Shelf; Ice Sheet; Continental Shelf Project; Camp Century; Greenland Ice Sheet; Inland Ice; Radioactive Waste; Kingdom Of Denmark; GNS; Zealand; Government; science; Research; Funding; GSI; Staff; Ireland; Business; Organisations; Review; Organisation; Sector; Partners; Opportunities; Focus; Institutes; Academia; Strategic; Companies; Geoscience; GNS science; Earth science; Research institute; Geoscience research; Science research; EGS; European; Eurogeosurveys; EU; Europe; Raw; Vision; EC; Materials; Commission; Strategy; Agenda; Common; Service; Members; United; Policy; Sharing; Efficient; Nations; Initiative; Action; Surveys; Framework; Sustainable; Geological Surveys; Raw Materials; European Commission; Sustainable development; United Nations; European Geological; European Union; National Geological Surveys; Geological Service For Europe; European Geological Surveys; Sustainable Development Goals; GSC; Canada; Generation; Canadian; Activities; Changing; Started; Mines; LED; Geoscience; Revolution; Present; Government; Field; Federal; Figure; Policy; Technologies; Economic; Political; Reports; Phase; Applications; Geological Survey of Canada; Federal government; Natural Resources Canada; SGSS; ISGS; Geologic; Geologists; American; Federal; State; Programs; Illinois; Public; Scientific; Address; States; Institute; Academia; Agencies; Support; Provided; National; USGS; Research; Act; Community; Institutions; Geosciences; Industry; Information; Organizations; Efforts; Government; University; Established; Program; Societal; Issues; State Geological; State Geological Survey; Illinois State Geological Survey; Geologic Mapping; Research Institute; Sweden; SGU; Swedish; Agency; Authorities; Agencies; Local; September; Accessed; Supply; Groundwater; Regional; Levels; Planning; Geological Survey of Sweden; Water Supply; Government Agencies; Groundwater Resources; Government Offices of Sweden; Local Authorities; Groundwater Levels; Lagar Dokument Svensk Population; Growth; World; Increasing; Increased; Global; Demand; Change; Rapidly; Carbon; Climate; Impacts; Ecosystems; Trends; People; Future; Human; Energy; Efficient; Resource; Natural; Needed; Social; Increase; Sustainable; Resources; Planet; Solutions; Low; Rapid; Materials; Challenges; Economic; Oceans; Goals; Technological; Technologies; Major; Changing; Metals; Meet; Critical; Key; Economy; Nations; Production; Growing; Natural Resources; Climate Change; Sustainable Development; Soil; Development; Natural; Water; BGR; Resources; Life; Groundwater; Hazards; JMG; Environmental; Sustainable; Urban; Protection; Land; Economic; Energy; Comprehensive; Quality; Ground; Impact; Responsible; Fields; Geoscientific; Terms; Cities; Conditions; Department; Environment; Federal; Resource; Planning; Activities; Related; Climate; Management; Support; Cooperation; Ministry; Natural Resources; Sustainable Development; Climate Change; Earthquakes; Events; Plate; Monitoring; Activity; Seismic; Processes; Hazard; Types; Earthquake; Methods; Risk; Systems; Geohazards; Restoration; AL; Long; Ground; Deep; Understanding; Early; Remote; Deposits; Impacts; Major; Ecological; Include; Human; Global; System; Earth System; Geological Processes; Hazard and Risk Learning; Machine; Artificial; Intelligence; Techniques; Big; Complex; Human; Questions; Advanced; Technologies; Data; Specific; Analysis; Geosciences; Sharing; Problems; Application; Models; Publications; Big data; Machine learning; Artificial intelligence; Earth system; Earth science; Open data; Earth system science; Big science; Data and information; Data discovery; Big; Integration; Driven; Earth; IUGS; Sciences; Science; Fundamental; Discovery; Approach; Solutions; System; Geoscientists; Goal; Initiative; Programs; Technology; Community; Issues; Scientific;

Funding Information:
Revolution; Require; Scientists; USGS; Mission; Focus; Challenge; Digital; Questions; Efforts; Life; Comprehensive; Systems; Modern; Problems; Innovation; Program; International; Groups; Traditional; Long; Union; Collaboration; Earth science; Earth system; Data; Resolution; Information; Users; Models; High; AL; Tools; Maps; Open; Access; Urban; Developed; Effective; Surface; Large; Products; Provide; Areas; Database; Systems; Surveys; Map; Infrastructure; Detailed; Basic; Mapping; Planning; Seabed; Depth; Make; Key; Cities; Oceans; End; Communication; Geological Surveys; Geological information Russian; Russia; Vsegei; Scale; Map; Maps; House; Geological; Continental; Tectonic; Shelf; Arctic; Committee; ST; Geophysical; Northern; State; Geological Survey; Geological Surveys; Geological mapping; Geological map; State geological; Geological maps; Continental shelf; Geological committee; Geological information; Geological research; Publishing house; Russian Federation; Handle; Net; Illinois; HTT; State; Survey; Geological; Geology; Geological Survey; State geological; Geological Surveys; State Geological Survey; Illinois State Geological Survey; Geological mapping; University of Illinois; Geological information; Geological research GTK; Finland; Mining; Exploration; Mineral; Minerals; Companies; Metals; Role; Deposits; Gold; Industry; Important; Materials; Innovation; Industrial; Expertise; Mines; Business; Resources; Sector; Raw; Mineral resources; Mineral exploration; Natural resources; Mineral deposits; Oil; Gas; Coal; Carbon; Energy; Basin; Fields; Production; Geothermal; Underground; Storage; Extraction; Source; Low; Million; Metals; Including; Oil and gas; Geothermal energy; Energy resources; Natural gas; Renewable energy; Oil and gas resources; Capture and storage; Clean energy; Energy resource; Fossil fuels; Low carbon; Oil fields; Shale gas; Energy storage; Energy supply; Million tons; Oil production Southeast; CCOP; Asia; East; Member; Countries; Organisation; Organisations; Region; Programmes; Geoscience; Capacity; Committee; Community; Cooperation; Quality; Sharing; Education; Communities; Building; Member Countries; East and Southeast Asia; CCOP member countries; Cooperating countries; Capacity building; Geoscience community; Developing countries; Cooperating countries and organisations; Geoscience big data; CCOP technical secretariat; IGCP; Leaders; Project; UNESCO; Projects; Developing; Scientists; Countries; Number; Funding; Years; Nations; IUGS; International; Project leaders; IGCP projects; IGCP project; Developing countries; Earth scientists Norwegian; Barents; Mareano; Sea; NOK; Proposal; Anon; Marine; Programme; Plan; Seabed; Ministries; Norway; Budget; Management; Ocean; Million; Ecosystem; Ngu; Institutions; North; Integrated; Funding; Shelf; Total; Ecosystems; Mapping; Coastal; Coral; Barents Sea; Norwegian Sea; Seabed Mapping; Mareano Programme; Management Plan; Million Nok; Coral Reefs; Marine Environment; Marine Research

Funding Information:
State; BMR; Territory; Surveys; Geological; Commonwealth; Petroleum; Australia; Geoscience; Geoscientific; Mineral; Functions; Work; Government; Geology; Mapping; Continent; Resources; Responsible; Minerals; Responsibility; Industry; Detailed; General; Close; Mining; National; Agencies; Role; Survey; Csiro; Bureau; Australian; Land; Geological Surveys; Geological Survey; Mineral resources; National Geological Surveys; State Geological Surveys Water; USGS; Ground; Environmental; Change; Resources; Management; Focus; Studies; Protection; Global; Understanding; Quality; Hazards; Include; Environment; Earth; Emphasis; Systems; Continue; Century; Volcanic; Traditional; Mineral; Geologic; Growing; Land; Changing; Priority; Nation; Research; Energy; Data; Processes; Mineral Resources; Water Resources; Ground Water; Global Change Expertise; Policy; Information; Resource; Governments; Geoscience; Required; Specific; Public; Knowledge; Effective; Natural; Meet; Opportunities; National; Advice; Development; Issues; Base; Economic; Human; Planning; Strategic; Good; Operation; Environment; Important; Cost; Maintain; Population; Systematic; Time; Geoscience information; National Geological Surveys; Geoscience information and expertise; General public; National geoscience; Sustainable development; Economic development; Public policy International; Scientific; Unions; ICSU; IUGS; IGCP; Cooperation; Projects; Support; Exchange; UNESCO; Countries; Sciences; Activities; Congress; Governmental; Money; Members; Programs; Project; Union; Board; Program; Earth; Research; Organizations; Scientists; Earth Sciences; International Cooperation; International Geological; Scientific Research Approach; Maps; Mapping; Programme; Map; Core; Britain; Generation; Programmes; Strategic; Scale; Digital; Data; Increasingly; Radiometric; Geophysical; Activity; British; Systematic; Long; Field; Monitoring; Term; System; Time; Number; Regolith; Studies; Geochemistry; High; Cost; Major; Funding; Geochemical; Geological Mapping; Geological Maps; Data Sets; Geophysical Data; Mapping Accord Materials; Growth; Material; Rates; Consumption; Steel; Germany; Raw; Product; Figure; Metal; Total; Sectors; Increasing; Advanced; Source; Primary; Products; Iron; Industrial; High; Metals; Ceramics; Life; Growth Rates; Raw materials; Raw material; Average growth; Advanced materials; Gross national product; Growth rate; Industrial sectors Tokyo; Earthquake; Earthquakes; Prediction; Area; Greater; km; Hazards; Expected; Volcanic; Efforts; Central; Monitoring; Population; South; Active; Human; Japan; Earthquake prediction; Volcanic eruptions; Active Faults; Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; Greater Tokyo Area; Term prediction

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