The Catalytic Mechanics of Dynamic Surfaces: Stimulating Methods for Promoting Catalytic Resonance

Manish M Shetty, Amber Walton, Sallye R Gathmann, M. Alexander Ardagh, Joshua Gopeesingh, Joaquin Resasco, Turan Birol, Qi Zhang, Michael Tsapatsis, Dionisios G. Vlachos, Phillip Christopher, C. Daniel Frisbie, Omar A. Abdelrahman, Paul J. Dauenhauer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Transformational catalytic performance in rate and selectivity is obtainable through catalysts that change on the time scale of catalytic turnover frequency. In this work, dynamic catalysts are defined in the context and history of forced and passive dynamic chemical systems, with the classification of unique catalyst behaviors based on temporally relevant linear scaling parameters. The conditions leading to the catalytic rate and selectivity enhancement are described as modifying the local electronic or steric environment of the active site to independently accelerate sequential elementary steps of an overall catalytic cycle. These concepts are related to physical systems and devices that stimulate a catalyst using light, vibrations, strain, and electronic manipulations including electrocatalysis, back-gating of catalyst surfaces, and introduction of surface electric fields via solid electrolytes and ferroelectrics. These catalytic stimuli are then compared for the capability to improve catalysis across some of the most important chemical challenges for energy, materials, and sustainability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12666-12695
Number of pages30
JournalACS Catalysis
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 6 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.


  • catalysis
  • dynamics
  • electrochemistry
  • enzymes
  • ferroelectrics
  • plasmons
  • resonance
  • zeolites


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