The case for fencing remains intact

Craig Packer, A. Swanson, S. Canney, A. Loveridge, S. Garnett, M. Pfeifer, A. C. Burton, H. Bauer, D. Macnulty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Creel et al. argue against the conservation effectiveness of fencing based on a population measure that ignores the importance of top predators to ecosystem processes. Their statistical analyses consider, first, only a subset of fenced reserves and, second, an incomplete examination of 'costs per lion.' Our original conclusions remain unaltered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1414-14e4
JournalEcology letters
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013


  • Carrying capacity
  • Edge effects
  • Fences
  • Lions
  • Population size


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