BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant recipients have an increased risk of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) which associated with higher morbidity and mortality. CDI in liver transplant has been argued to increase hospital costs, charges, and length of stay (LOS) in small studies. However, no recent nationwide analysis determines these outcomes.
METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample 2016. All patients with ICD10CM diagnostic codes for CDI were included. The cohort was stratified for the history of liver transplant and liver transplant index admission. The primary outcome was the odds of CDI in both patient cohorts to patients without liver transplant. Secondary outcomes were inpatient morbidity, mortality, resource utilization, colectomy rates, LOS, and total hospital costs and charges.
RESULTS: A total of 360 364 patients with CDI were identified, 1665 had a history of liver transplant and 155 had liver transplant during that admission. Patients with a history of liver transplant had increased odds of CDI compared to patients with no history of liver transplant (adjusted odds ratio 2.78; 95% confidence interval, 2.44-3.16). Patients with CDI had greater odds of shock, acute kidney injury, ICU stay, organ failure and significantly higher costs, charges and LOS.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of liver transplant increased odds of CDI. CDI with history of liver transplant and the index admission for liver transplant had higher odds of morbidity and resource utilization. Clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion for CDI for early diagnosis and appropriate initiation of treatment.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article